The current Austrian legal situation in the online sector leads to legal uncertainty, incomplete player protection and irregular tax revenues: The existing legal regulations for the online sector can at best be described as rudimentary, especially with regard to player protection; this does not ensure a uniform high level of player protection. Moreover, only two out of nine federal states (Vorarlberg and Salzburg) mention online betting, but do not de facto deal with it. In the case of online gambling, doubts as to the conformity of the national monopoly with EU law and the uncertainty as to which contracts in Austria are subject to taxes lead to enormous legal uncertainty. According to the “Branchenradar”, the share of online gambling services not licensed in Austria amounts to almost 65%. Consequently, the Austrian gambling monopoly fulfils its actual purpose of steering existing demand into orderly channels only to a very limited extent.